Are you wondering if your old solar panels can be recycled? Many people worry about what happens to solar panels when they’re no longer useful. Good news: solar panels can indeed be recycled.

This means we have a way to deal with them that’s better for our planet.

In this blog, we’ll explore how the parts of a solar panel, like glass and metal, get a new life after recycling. I’ll walk you through the steps involved in this process. By the end, you’ll see how recycling helps in making clean energy even cleaner.

Keep reading to learn more!

Components of Solar Panels that Can Be Recycled

A pile of discarded solar panels at a recycling center yard.

Most parts of solar panels can be recycled. This includes glass, metal, and even the silicon cells that catch sunlight.

Glass, Plastic, and Aluminum

Solar panels contain a lot of glass, plastic, and aluminum. These materials are common in recycling processes. Around 80 percent of a solar panel’s weight is made up of aluminum and glass.

These parts can be easily recycled. Recyclers often remove the aluminum frame first since it’s valuable and easy to reuse.

The glass from solar panels can also go back into recycling streams. In fact, about 95% of the glass from solar panels can be reused. This makes it a key component in the recycling effort for solar power systems.

Recycling plants sometimes grind down this glass to create other products or use it again in new solar panels.

Metal, Glass, and Copper Wiring

Metals like aluminum and steel from solar panels find new life after recycling. They get melted down and reshaped for various uses, keeping valuable resources in circulation. Copper wiring also gets a second chance.

Recyclers extract copper from the cables to use again in electrical equipment, supporting a sustainable cycle.

Glass components are not left behind either. The tempered glass from photovoltaic (PV) modules is carefully processed to remove impurities. This clean glass cullet can then be used to create new solar panels or other glass products, contributing to a more eco-friendly production process.

The Process of Recycling Solar Panels

The process of recycling solar panels starts with identifying and separating their parts. Then, experts use special methods to break them down and create new products.

Re-using or Refurbishing Solar Panels

Re-using or refurbishing solar panels gives them a new life. This method helps manage solar panel waste effectively.

  1. Inspecting the solar panels: Professionals check each panel for any damage or issues. They make sure the panels can still work well.
  2. Testing for efficiency: Each panel goes through tests to see how much electricity it can still generate. This step ensures the refurbished panels are reliable.
  3. Cleaning thoroughly: Workers clean the panels to remove any dirt, dust, or other materials that might block sunlight.
  4. Repairing minor damages: Small problems like loose wiring or damaged frames get fixed. This repair work makes the panels safe and ready to use again.
  5. Updating technology: If possible, technicians upgrade older parts with new, more efficient ones. This update can make an old panel produce more electricity.
  6. Certifying the panels: After refurbishing, each panel receives a certification. This certificate shows the panel has been checked and is good to use.
  7. Selling at lower prices: Refurbished solar panels go on sale for less money than new ones. People who want to save money and help the environment buy these panels.
  8. Extending life span: Refurbishing gives solar panels several more years of use. This extended life reduces waste and saves valuable resources.

Re-using and refurbishing solar panels play a big role in handling solar waste responsibly. It makes sure good materials don’t get thrown away too soon.

Mechanical Recycling

Mechanical recycling stands out as a simpler way to manage solar panel recycling. It breaks down the panels and recycles each part on its own. Here’s how the process unfolds:

  1. Workers start by taking apart the solar panels carefully.
  2. They remove junction boxes, wires, and other connective components next.
  3. The glass is then separated from the metal frames.
  4. Special machinery grinds down the glass for reuse.
  5. Metals like aluminum and copper are extracted for recycling.
  6. Plastic parts undergo a separate recycling process.
  7. Finally, experts ensure that all reusable materials are sent off to their respective recycling streams.

Most waste facilities prefer mechanical recycling because it’s less complex than chemical methods. Now, let’s explore how some companies tackle solar panel recycling challenges.

Chemical/Thermal Recycling

After exploring mechanical recycling, let’s shift focus to chemical/thermal recycling. This method uses heat and chemicals to break down solar panels into their basic components.

  1. Chemical treatments are applied to the solar panels. These treatments help in separating the different materials that make up the panels.
  2. Heat plays a crucial role in this process. It helps in delaminating the solar panel layers, making it easier to separate materials.
  3. The separation of chemical components is a key step. During this phase, valuable materials like silicon and metals are recovered.
  4. This method allows for the recapture of important chemicals. These chemicals can then be reused in new solar panels or other products.
  5. Chemical/thermal recycling offers exciting potential for the future. It aims at improving how we recycle photovoltaic (PV) modules and manage electronic waste.
  6. Currently, companies are developing more advanced technologies in this area. Their goal is to increase the recycling rate of solar panels through better chemical processes.

Chemical/thermal recycling shows promise for creating a more sustainable approach to dealing with decommissioned solar panels. By recovering valuable materials and reducing waste, this method supports energy sustainability and creates an environmentally friendly way to manage end-of-life PV modules.

Challenges in Solar Panel Recycling

Recycling solar panels presents several hurdles. One major issue is the integration of parts within photovoltaic panels, which makes disassembly for recycling difficult and time-consuming.

This complexity requires advanced technology and processes that are not widely available. Moreover, about 90% of end-of-life or defective solar panels currently end up in landfills because recycling infrastructure is insufficient to handle the volume and complexity of waste.

Another challenge is that less than 10% of PV panels in the US are recycled, indicating a gap in both awareness and capacity for proper disposal. Solar panel recycling involves tedious efforts to separate hazardous materials from valuable components like silicon solar cells, metals, and glass.

The lack of standardized recycling methods adds to the difficulty, making it hard to recover materials efficiently without causing environmental harm or losing economic value.

Companies Involved in Solar Panel Recycling

Several companies are stepping up to tackle the challenge of recycling solar panels. These businesses focus on turning old solar panels into useful materials again.


EnergyBin is a key player in the solar energy sector’s push towards sustainability. It works with various companies to recycle old and decommissioned solar panels. This shows EnergyBin’s strong commitment to environmental responsibility.

Its efforts help address the growing need for better recycling practices within the industry.

Considering predictions that by 2050, PV modules might account for more than 10% of global electronic waste tonnage, EnergyBin’s role becomes even more critical. The company contributes significantly to reducing landfill waste and promoting a circular economy in the energy industry.

By doing so, it supports global climate goals and advances green job creation in the recycling technology field.

We Recycle Solar

We Recycle Solar focuses on dismantling large solar arrays for recycling. This process is their main way to make money. By doing this, they help reduce waste from solar farms and support clean energy efforts.

They take apart the solar panels and prepare them for the recycling process, ensuring that valuable materials do not end up in landfills.

Next, we’ll explore Veolia’s role in solar panel recycling.


Veolia leads the way in solar panel recycling, operating Europe’s first plant with a 95% recovery rate for photovoltaic panels. This achievement marks a significant step in managing solar waste effectively.

By focusing on recovering materials from old and discarded panels, Veolia helps reduce e-waste and supports sustainable energy practices.

The company also aims to recover at least 80% of the mass from waste panels in the EU. Their efforts align with global initiatives to minimize environmental impact and promote clean energy solutions.

Through advanced recycling processes, Veolia is addressing the urgent need for efficient disposal and recycling of end-of-life solar panels.


Solar panels can indeed be recycled. This fact opens a path to reduce waste and reuse valuable materials like glass, aluminum, and silicon. With thoughtful recycling efforts, we help keep hazardous substances out of landfills and support the clean energy sector’s growth.

Companies are already stepping up to refine the recycling process, making it more efficient and cost-effective. As we embrace solar power more widely, ensuring that solar panel recycling becomes common practice is crucial for a sustainable future.

Interested in taking your solar journey a step further? Learn how to install solar panels yourself.

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